The Representation of the Eastern Nation in the Novels by Pramoedya Ananta Toer

Marzuqi, Iib (2016) The Representation of the Eastern Nation in the Novels by Pramoedya Ananta Toer. OIIRJ India, 6 (5). pp. 66-77. ISSN 2249-9598

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The study on the eastern as a representation of the eastern nations attractive done to build the resurrection of the eastern nations. The dichotomy of the nation's eastern and western spawned perception that the east developed while the west advanced. Based on this background, the focus of this study was to describe the prototype of the east in the narrative novels by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, or Pram. To be able to describe the prototype of the east through story novels Pram, used postcolonial theory. As a theory, postcolonial produced statements regarding dialectic colonizer-colonized. Postcolonial theory referred to a set of theoretical and critical strategies used to examine the culture, including literature of colonies former European colonies. As a theory, postcolonial developed a theory based approach to history. The historical approach considered the relevance of literature as a social document. The essence of literature was imagination and imagination had a social and historical context. The historical approach was selected by researcher for novels by Pram as a source of data research showed an overview of unique history of Indonesia in the period of colonization. The data source of this research was four novels by Pram: Bumi Manusia, Anak Semua Bangsa, Jejak Langkah, and Rumah Kaca. Those four novels written by Pram as a colonized people who represent the Eastern nations. The research of operationalization of postcolonial theory in literary texts illustrated by efforts to study literary text data that relates to consciousness colonized on the colonizers. The approach of postcolonial studies conducted with qualitative research approach with interpretative methods. The applicability of qualitative interpretative approach in postcolonial studies is part of cultural studies. The key study of culture was the practice of meaning which was constructed through sign language as the medium of literature. Cultural studies centered on the representation of how the world was constructed to and by us. The results showed that the nation of Indonesia as a representation of eastern nation has its strengths and weaknesses. The strength of the east was the taste strongly defended his fate on squeezing power of the other party. East had the ability to fight collectively against other parties who threaten east people. In the post-colonial era like today, this type of behavior was the ability to build area of the eastern nations to equal the west. The second strength was the collective consciousness of the east people to put science as the first perspective in building civilization. Meanwhile, the weakness of eastern nation was a nation that is easily exploited and identity crisis. East economies with limited knowledge and western utilized for extending the future of western domination. West believe that the east was utilized when the east need help making sense of dependence east continues nourished by the West. The second weakness, eastern nations did not have the confidence. Defeat the east by the west were indeed caused by the east who always feel the second and western put as the first. The progress of East could only be realized through self-confidence and self-belief that the east commensurated with the west. KEYWORDS: Representation of the Eastern Nations, Novels by Pramoedya Ananta Toer

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan > Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia
Depositing User: admin unisda jaya
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2019 04:30
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2019 04:34

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